A Chronology of Casimir Pulaski's Life 1745-1779


1745
6 March Kazimierz is born in Warsaw at the Pulaski residence on the corner of Nowy Swiat and Warecka Streets. He is the second son (of three) born to the starosta of Warka, Józef Pulaski and Marianna Zielinska his wife . A priest, Father Krzysztof Faltz was called to the house to administer baptism because of the child's debility.
14 March a grand completion of the baptismal ceremonies at the Holy Cross Church in Warsaw
1762 leaves the Theatine School in Warsaw which he had attended (most likely after getting an elementary education at the parish school in Warka) and becomes a page at the courts of Prince Charles of Courland [Kurlandia]; and Semigallia, son of King Augustus III.
1763 gains his first military experience during a six month long stay at Prince Charles' military camp, where he lived through the siege by the Russian army of the capital of the Kingdom of Courland - Mitava (now Jelgava in the Latvian Republic).
1764
September Józef Pulaski and his three sons take part in the election of Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski as King of Poland in Warsaw
1767
DecemberJózef Pulaski and his three sons leave Warsaw for Winiary, and start organizing an armed uprising in south-eastern Poland
1768 the eldest sons of Józef Pulaski, Franciszek and Casimir, travel along the Dniestr River recruiting for the confederation whose political side was being prepared at that time in Lvov by Józef Pulaski
29 February the establishment of the Bar Confederation in Podole with the Chamberlain from Rozan, Michal Krasinski, at its head
4 March the establishment of the military arm of the confederation with Józef Pulaski at its head with the title of Marshal of the Union; among the commanders of the regiments were his three sons, Franciszek, starosta of Augustów; Casimir, starosta of Zezuliniec; and Antoni, starosta of Czeresz
around 20 April Casimir Pulaski leads his first skirmish with the vanguard of the Russian troops which had been sent to Podole to put down the uprising
23 April defends Starokonstantynów
May fights defensive actions near Chmielnik and Winnica and then fortifies Berdyczów
13 June after a two week long siege he capitulates along with his troops and is taken prisoner by the Russians
20 June the Russian army takes the town of Bar, the second important insurgent stronghold; Józef Pulaski crosses the Dniestr River with the rest of his troops and takes refuge on Turkish soil
17 July Casimir Pulaski is freed by the Russians and goes to the Bar Confederation camp at Chocim
September - October he and his brothers carry out raids along the northern bank of the Dniestr River
DecemberJózef Pulaski is arrested by the Turks as a result of intrigues in the confederate camp
1769
Winter the Pulaski brothers at the head of their troops occupy and fortify Zwaniec and the Holy Trinity Trenches on the Dniestr River
February Casimir Pulaski carries out a reconnaissance raid toward Zaleszczyki and fights a skirmish near Tluste; at the same time receives a declaration from the confederates of western Little Poland (Malopolska) to join them
early March the youngest of the sons, Antoni, falls into Russian captivity
8 March the Russian army takes Zwaniec and the Holy Trinity Trenches; Franciszek and Casimir take refuge along with the survivors on the southern shore of the Dniestr River, on Turkish soil
end of March Casimir Pulaski crosses the frontier in Kuty and marches through Czarnohora and Gorgany towards the Kraków region

3 April in a letter written from Radoszyce (near the Lupków Mountain Pass) he reports to Prince Marcin Lubomirski, a leader of the confederates in Little Poland
mid April the main organizer of the Bar rising, Józef Pulaski, dies in a Turkish prison as a result of a raging epidemic
late April Franciszek Pulaski returns with his units to Poland and appears in eastern Little Poland
around 13 May the Pulaski brothers meet in Sambor and decide to operate in unison
22 May Franciszek Pulaski is named marshal of the confederated Przemysl region
end of May the Pulaski brothers take part in an unsuccessful attempt to occupy Lvov
late June arriving in the Lublin area and reaching Polesie, the brothers organize a rising in Lithuania;
6 July Casimir Pulaski commands in victorious battle at Kukielki
12 July he commands in victorious battle at Slonim
3 August Casimir Pulaski is named marshal of the confederation forces in the Lomza region
13 September the detachments led by the Pulaski brothers are defeated at Orzechów and Franciszek is killed in battle
in September Casimir Pulaski takes part in the war council at Zborov in Slovakia which precedes the establishment of the General High Board of the Confederation called the Generality which becomes the chief insurgent authority
October-December he stays with his troops in the Dukla region near Grab at the source of the Wisloka River.
1770
13 January his hand is wounded during a skirmish near Grab
February - March is stationed in the Nowy Targ region
in April is stationed in the Nowy Sacz district
15 May loses a battle near Pilzno during a raid in the direction of Kraków
mid June while at Presov in Slovakia where the Austrian authorities had granted asylum to the Generality, Pulaski met with the Austrian Emperor Joseph II who visited the confederates
3 August he loses a battle at Wysowa with Drewitz's army, and later takes shelter on Austrian soil
7 August meets in Zborov with Charles Dumouriez, the new French government emissary and military adviser to the Generality
25 August is in Nowy Targ with his army

1 September organizes a night raid on Kraków after which he retreats toward Czestochowa
9 September he occupies the monastery at Jasna Góra (Czestochowa)
29 September organizes a raid from Zarnowiec through Jedrzejów to Koniecpol
19 October organizes a raid from Czestochowa towards Poznan
in November prepares Jasna Góra for a siege; the Russian army approaches Czestochowa twice in this period
31 December the beginning of the siege of Czestochowa by the army of General Drewitz, supported by Prussian artillery
1771
4 January Casimir Pulaski organizes a raid from the monastery and destroys an enemy battery
9 January all-out attack is repulsed
15 January Drevitz's army leaves Czestochowa
around 1 March Pulaski stages a raid from Czestochowa toward Krasnik
in April Casimir Pulaski takes part in a council in Biala concerning the attack on Little Poland (Malopolska)
21 May he starts a raid through Tymbark, Limanowa, Nowy Sacz, Debica, Zamosc (skirmishing along the way in Kolbuszowa, Debica, Mielec);
2 June Pulaski's units fight battle with a Russian army corps at Zamosc after which they retreat towards Tarnów and Lanckorona
18 June Casimir Pulaski is back at Jasna Góra which is again threatened with a siege by Drewitz and the Polish Royal Army under the command of Branicki
in September he proposes a plan to reorganize the high command (five general commanders) at a council in Presov in Slovakia, the idea is not accepted
20 October he leaves Czestochowa for a diversionary raid in the direction of Warsaw; meanwhile a group commanded by Strawinski was to make an attempt to abduct King Stanislaus August Poniatowski
31 October he loses a battle at Skaryszew near Radom; is wounded in the arm and his scattered units retreat towards Czestochowa
3 November the abduction of King Stanislaus August Poniatowski proves unsuccessful, Pulaski is implicated as an instigator of the scheme
30 November the Austrian authorities forbid Pulaski entry into Austria as one of the organizers of the attempted abduction of the king
1 December he returns to Jasna Góra.
1772
around 20 February stages a raid from Czestochowa towards Kraków
31 May Pulaski leaves the Jasna Góra fortress and takes refuge in Prussian Silesia
end of June he arrives in Dresden
in August he visits AItwasser in Silesia under the assumed name of Rudzinski to see Franciszka Krasinska and then surreptitiously watches the maneuvers of the Prussian troops near Nysa

in September he leaves Germany and stops in Nancy, France.
1773
in March he moves to Paris
beginning of May he goes to Dresden to be nearer Poland while the trial of the participants in the abduction attempt is being held
7 June the beginning of the trial (which lasts until 28 August) with Casimir Pulaski sentenced in absentia to beheading for attempted regicide
25 September under the assumed name of Korwin he meets with the leaders of the Generality in Strassburg and announces that he will take part in the war between Turkey and Russia, after which he travels to Paris
1774
in March he leaves Paris and with a group of companions goes to Turkey
12 April he sails from Venice to Ragusa (Dubrovnik) in order to reach the Turkish army which is fighting the Russians at the mouth of the Danube River
around 20 June he reaches the Vizier's camp near Shumen west of Varna where he takes part in the defeat suffered by the Turkish forces
around 15 October after the unsuccessful Turkish expedition and a three month long journey (Adrianople, Constantinople, Izmir) he returns to France and stops in Marseilles
20 December this is the date of the memorial written to the French authorities by Józef Zajaczek in order to obtain financial aid for Pulaski
1775
in Marseilles living from an allowance and loans
October spends a short time in debtors' prison
1776
15 August he appeals to the Sejm (Polish Parliament) in Warsaw to be allowed to return to Poland but there is no reply; at this time that he makes efforts to be accepted into the American Revolutionary Army
1777
March - April he arrives in Paris after obtaining permission to go to America
29 May he receives a letter of recommendation from Benjamin Franklin addressed to George Washington
6 June he writes a letter of farewell to his sister Anne in Warsaw and sails on the ship Massachusetts from Nantes to America
23 July he lands in America at Marblehead near Boston
in August after a short stay in Boston he reports at the headquarters of the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army George Washington located in Moland House in Warwick Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
24 August he offers his military services to Congress
11 September he takes part in his first battle on American soil, on the Brandywine Creek between Chester and Philadelphia
15 September he is named a general of cavalry

3 October he fights at Germantown and covers Washington's retreat after the battle is lost
in the winter Pulaski patrols the area around Valley Forge where Washington's army takes up winter quarters; his own quarters are in Devault Beaver's house
1778
8 January moves with his unit to Trenton where he organizes and trains the troops
end of February
- start of March
he joins General Wayne in the fighting against the British in New Jersey; a skirmish at Haddonfield
mid March while in Valley Forge Pulaski asks Washington to release him from his post as the commander of cavalry and puts forward a plan for an independent detachment which he would command
19 March while in Yorktown he presents his plan of forming a Legion to Congress
28 March he receives Congressional permission for the scheme
late April he establishes the headquarters of the Legion in Baltimore
18 May Pulaski's Legion receives its banner; embroidered by the Moravian Order of Nuns of Bethlehem
15 September Pulaski reports to Washington that the Legion is ready for action
8 October Pulaski's Legion arrives at Egg Harbor where a week later it was surprised by a British night attack and suffered serious losses
24 October the Legion arrives at Trenton, then relocates to Sussex Court House and finally to Minisink where it is ordered to defend the colonists against the Indians
15 November Pulaski asks Washington to be released from his post and writes of his intention to return to Europe
1779
in January while in Philadelphia he withdraws the resignation he sent to Congress
8 February Washington orders the Legion to march south from Yorktown in the direction of Savannah
8 May the Legion arrives in Charleston where it takes part in the fighting for the town
19 August Pulaski's last letter to Congress
14 September Pulaski's Legion arrives at Savannah, to take part in taking the town
9 October Pulaski is mortally wounded in the attack on Savannah
15 October he dies on board the brigantine Wasp while it is still anchored near Savannah; his body is taken to nearby Greenwich Plantation and buried there in a torchlight ceremony

21 October a symbolic funeral of the hero in Charleston
1793 through the efforts of Antoni Pulaski the Sejm (Polish Parliament) revokes the sentence from the trial held in 1773 (in absentia) which found Pulaski guilty of attempted regicide and condemned him to death
1825 A corner stone is laid for Casimir Pulaski's monument by Lafayette in Savannah's Chippewa Square.
1855 A monument to Pulaski designed by Robert Launitz is finally erected in Monterey Square in Savannah. The corner stone from Chippewa Square and Pulaski's remains from Greenwich Plantation are placed in its underground brick lined crypt.
1910 Casimir Pulaski's monument in Washington is unveiled
1929 A monument to Pulaski is unveiled in Krynica, Poland; it is the first monument to Pulaski built on Polish soil
1967 the Casimir Pulaski museum in Warka-Winiary, Poland opens
1979 the 200th anniversary of Pulaski's death, a statue by Kazimerz Danilewicz, a gift of the Polish nation to the United States, is dedicated in Buffalo, and a copy placed in the park near the Pulaski museum in Warka.
1996 the Pulaski Monument in Savannah is taken down for renovation, the underground crypt is uncovered and found to contain two cornerstones and an iron box. The box bears a plate "Brigadier General Casimer Pulaski" and contains the bones of a man matching Pulaski in stature and physical characteristics.
1997 a conference is convened on Pulaski at the Museum in Warka, Poland; among those delivering papers is Edward Pinkowski